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Put the correct verb form (Present Simple/Present Continuous)

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  1. Discuss with your classmates and check in the dictionary if all your translation guesses were correct.

1. Jane _______________(not/drink) tea very often.

2. What time _______________(the banks/close) in Britain?

3. Hurry up. Everybody ______________(wait) for you.

4. Julia is very good at languages. She ________________(speak) four languages very well.

5. How is your English? It _________________(get) better slowly.

6. The sun __________________(rise) in the east.

7. Look at the river! It _________________(run) very quickly today – much quicker than usual.

8. Ron is in London at the moment. He _______________(stay) at the Park Hotel. He ___________________(always/stay) at this hotel when he’s in London.

9. Bees ____________(make) honey.

10. ______________________(you/listen) to the radio every day?


 

Lexical theme: “Washington”

 

1. New words. Прочитайте новые слова, используйте их при переводе текста.

to be named in honour of – быть названным в честь

discoverer – открыватель

except – кроме

scrap paper – макулатура

load - нагружать

skyscraper – небоскреб

not far from – недалеко от

to look like – быть похожим на

in memory of – в память о

author – автор

declaration of independence – декларация независимости

emancipation proclamation – декларация освобождения

to give freedom to slaves – освободить рабов

 

2. Read and translate the text (Прочитайте и переведите текст):

Washington is the capital of the United States of America. It is situated on the Potomac River in the District of Columbia. The district is named in honour of Columbus, the discoverer of America.

The capital is named after the first President of the USA — George Washington. Washington is not the largest city in the USA. It has a population of 900 000 people.

Washington is a one-industry town. That industry is government. It does not produce anything except very much scrap paper. Every day 25 railway cars leave Washington loaded with scrap paper.

Washington has many historical places. The largest and tallest among the buildings is the Capitol. There are no skyscrapers in Washington because no other building must be taller than the Capitol. The White House is the President's residence. It was built in 1799.

Not far from the Capitol is the Washington Monument, which looks like a very big pencil. It rises 160 metres. The Jefferson Memorial was built in memory of the third President of the USA, Thomas Jefferson, who was also the author of the Declaration of Independence.

The Lincoln Memorial is built in memory of the 16th President of the US, the author of the Emancipation Proclamation, which gave freedom to Negro slaves in America.

The Capitol The White House

The Lincoln Memorial The Washington Monument The Jefferson Memorial

 

3. Answer the following questions (Ответьте на следующие вопросы).

1. What city is the capital of the USA?

2. Where is Washington situated?

3. In whose honour is the district of Columbia named?

4. Who was the first President of the USA?

5. What is the population of Washington?

6. What industries are situated in the city?

7. Where is the President's residence?

8. Who is the author of the Declaration of Independence?

Lesson 22

Grammar theme: The Past Continuous Tense



Прошедшее продолженное время образуется при помощи глагола "to be" и смыслового глагола в инговой форме. При этом глагол "to be" употребляется в форме прошедшего времени (was, were).

was (I, he, she)

+ V (ing)

were (we, you, they)

I was reading a book. Я читал книгу.

They were playing chess. Они играли в шахматы.

He was writing a letter. Он писал письмо.

Слова-подсказки

while - в то время как

when - когда

as - когда, в то время как

all morning/ day/ evening/ week etc. – все утро/ день/ вечер/ всю неделю и т.д.

Основным назначением Past Continuous является обозначение действий, протекавших в точно указанное время в прошлом:

Sue was working at ten o'clock yesterday morning. Сью работала вчера утром в десять часов.

(т.е. в десять часов утра Сью ещё не закончила свою работу).

 

Чтобы задать вопрос в Past Continuous нужно поставить глагол "to be"(в нужной форме: was/ were) перед подлежащим. А чтобы образовать отрицательную форму, нужно поставить отрицание "not" после глагола "to be":

 

+ He was playing at 3 o'clock.

- He was not playing at 3 o'clock.

? Was he playing at 3 o'clock?

Yes, he was. Nо, he was not. (No, he wasn't.)

 

Упражнения на закрепление грамматического материала (Exercises)


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